Raising Kittens (wild Kittens and Orphan Kittens)
wild cats are wild cats, cats that have been abandoned by their humans, cats that have lost their way or cats that have been born in the wild and do not know any other life. wild cat colonies usually get their start with one pregnant cat that has a litter and the litter grows and it has its own litters and it grows and grows. There is much to be said about wild cat colonies but we are discussing at this time taming and raising a wild kitten or kittens.
A pregnant wild cat will have its kittens in a fairly far away and hopefully safe place. Unless a human accidentally stumbles across the identify where the kittens are hiding it will be a while before anyone will see them and sometimes it will too late to try and catch them in an effort to rehabilitate them.
The best age to try and catch wild kittens is when they are about 4 to 6 weeks old. At this age they are not extremely active and mom has not taught them everything they need to know about living in the wild. They have had their mothers milk, which is the best nutrition a kitten can have and have ingested the important antibodies that only a mother cat can give.
Trying to catch the older wild kittens will require a pet carrier or a humane trap. We have had good luck using several of our carriers in our attempts to catch older kittens by bribing them with food inside the carriers.
This only works if you are nearby and can pounce on the carrier the moment the kitten or kittens get in side and you can shut the door. The older the kittens the harder they are to manager and we suggest thick gloves and long sleeves. Kitten bites can be very painful and should be treated right away. Medical attention is suggested and the sharp cat kept away from the others.
Not having any human contact a wild kitten will hiss and spit at you, as they are scared. The wildest one is probably the most scared. Our purpose in catching the wild kittens we knew about was to take them to a shelter where they would be fostered out, hand raised and socialized with the intent of finding good homes for them. The same method of using the carriers with a food bribe can be used to catch the older wild cats in order to have them spayed or neutered and returned to the colony.
If you have found the kittens, caught them and intend to raise them yourself the next intelligent thing to do is cart the kittens off to the vet and have them checked over. However, this might be like playing Russian roulette as you have very scared kittens that are seemingly fighting for their lives. Sometimes it is best to wait before taking them, as long as the kittens are secluded from any other pets and they show no visible signs of illness.
Undoubtedly you were aware of where the kittens were and had been planning to capture them as soon as they were older. In the event that you do not want to subject yourself and the kittens to the trauma of a vet visit right after you have captured them here are some suggestions.
* The kittens need peace and quiet for a few days with literally no handling. If you have not taken them to the vet for a check up and you have other animals in the house, you need to protect them from any diseases or infections the kittens may have. The new kittens need to be secluded from all of your household pets until the vet says they are healthy and you have tamed them.
* Always wash your hands after handling any of the food or water containers and any thing else you may have handled in the room where the kittens are being kept. Its a good idea to keep an old shirt that you can slip on over your clothes when you are in the room with the kittens.
* For the first few days the kittens should be kept in a large crate or already a cardboard box with a small litter pan and their food. We found that using the bathtub in our guest bathroom was a great place to keep kittens and/or puppies. inner the tub with an old blanket or towels to keep the little ones warm and put the litter box at one end and their food and water at the other.
* During the first few days visit the kittens often, talk softly, but do not manager them. To satisfy the kittens dilute cows milk with water (50/50) and mix a small amount of canned kitten food (not cat food) into the milk and place in a saucer or other flat dish.
Your vet can also tell you what to satisfy the kittens if you call the clinic. Iams makes a kitten food and packages it in a can. Since the new thing now is foil packages the only place we can find the canned version is at Pets Mart. We would not try to satisfy the new kittens dry kitten food unless it is soaked very well in milk and is really soggy. already though we said not to manager the kittens for a few days after capture; you may have to put their noses in the food dish so they know what it is.
If you find that you may have to hand satisfy one or two of the kittens wrap them in a towel with their tummy lying in the palm of your hand. I found that feeding with an eyedropper was the easiest for me. Always satisfy to the side of their mouth and not directly in the front as you would typically think to do. By feeding from the side you are less likely to choke the kitten with too much milk. If you have to hand satisfy a kitten we suggest feeding only milk until the kitten gets the hang of eating out of the dish. It is always a good idea to check with your vet for his/her recommendations on feeding your litter.
After two days it is a good idea to start the handling course of action. Go slowly at first, some soft pets and a low voice. Dont be surprised if you get a few hisses or spitting from one or all of them. Start with the calmest one first and work your way by the litter. If one of the kittens seems very high-strung single that one out for additional pets and loves. If the kittens are fighting you when you try to pick them up wrap each kitten one at a time loosely in a small towel while you are holding them.
wild kittens and cats are really not good around children. Children are loud, they run and jump and in general are rambunctious. Loud noises and sudden movements will scare most wild cats and kittens. Fleas are more than likely a serious problem and it is important to remove as many as possible at once. A flea comb is a great way to remove the fleas. You can softly comb the kitten during the handling course of action.
It is not recommended, but we have on several occasions bathed the kittens in warm water the moment we got them home in order to get a head start on removing fleas. It is important to keep the kittens warm and to dry them as quickly as possible (do not use a hair dryer).
Do not look directly into the eyes of a kitten or a wild cat, the direct look or stare is considered an act of aggression by the kitten or cat. I have read that you should avid your eyes often and frequently lower your head in an effort to appear submissive.
Within 4 or 5 days the kittens should be ready to start playing with you. A piece of cloth tied to a string and dragged along the floor is a good cat and mouse exercise along with small lightweight catnip toys. By now you should be seeing that the kittens are making progress and are socializing a little better with you. This might be a good time to move them out of the bathroom or at all event you confined them and let them loose in a spare room. Remove any cords and other dangerous hazards.
Once the hissing and sharp has stopped and the kittens are calm this is the time to bring other people in (one at a time) to manager the kittens also. This will get them used to other people. Do not let any small or young children in to manager the kittens.
By the time they are 7 to 8 weeks old and if you havent already taken them to your vet now would be a good time to do so. Between 8 to 10 weeks if the kittens are now socialized they can be adopted out. However, we STRONGLY advise you not to send the kittens to a home where there are young children. Cats in general are not happy around confusion and loud noise and wild kittens no matter how well socialized have an inbred fear of such things and will not manager it well.
wild cats and kittens need a quiet household with as little confusion as possible. If possible, place two kittens together especially if the new parent works all day. Please do all that you can to make certain that the new parent or parents will see that the kittens are either spayed or neutered as quickly as possible. This can be done as early as eight weeks of age.
Raising an orphan kitten;
I have had the privilege of raising two orphan kittens at different times. My first experience was with Miss Tiger; she is now 8 years old. One morning I heard some very loud crying in our garage. I started searching for the creature that was making this racket and I found tiny ball of gray and white fur. In a far away corner of our garage sat a very unhappy and hungry baby kitten. Her eyes were barely open and she appeared to be about 2 -2 1/2 weeks old. She could stand and was covered with more fleas than you could count.
The first thing I did (which is not recommended) was give her a bath in warm water to get rid of some of the fleas as quickly as possible. Needless to say this did not go over very well. However when that was done I wrapped her in a nice warm towel and fed her some warm milk diluted with water by method of an eyedropper. She fell fast asleep in our cat carrier and I scurried off to the pet store to pick up some special milk made for motherless kittens and a flea comb to capture the rest of those nasty critters. I have to let in she did have another bath to get rid of the rest.
Having raised two orphan puppies, two orphan squirrels and several wild baby birds, I felt like old pro at this. I, being the female portion of our family quickly took over the role of mother once again. It is important to say right here that I do not always do things the way the books say you should. If I were following the rules (and you should) the first thing I should have done was carry Miss Kitty to the vet and have her examined as we have other cats. I didnt, but I did quarantine her in the guest bathroom away from our other cats.
I made a warm nest in the bathtub, hot water bottle and all. However, a box would have made an equally nice home for her, too. As she was too young for food and a litter box I did not add those things. It is important to remember that young kittens need to be kept warm. Living in Florida we seldom have the problem of cold weather, but it is necessary to provide warmth just as you would for a young baby. As we had a group of wild cats living in the neighborhood we were certain she was one of the group and for at all event reason, her mother chose to give us custody.
Taking care of a very young kitten is a time consuming job and requires dedication which method getting up during the night to satisfy the kitten and to get it to go to the bathroom. I had decided that due to the kittens approximate age I would try and put her on a 3-hour schedule. I felt if she were hungry before than I would certainly hear her complaining. I satisfy my baby animals with an eyedropper, for at all event reason I have never been able to master feeding them with a nursing bottle.
I have read that using an eye dropper can cause problems like getting fluid in their lungs, which I managed to do with the first baby squirrel we had. A quick trip to the vet and some instruction saved the day. It is important that you contact your vet and get all the valuable hints and help that the clinic can give you.
Using the eyedropper for feeding, but using an animal baby bottle to gauge the amount milk I was truly feeding her worked out fine. When using the dropper I would insert it in the side of her mouth and try to get her to suck the milk into her mouth. Sometimes that didnt work and I would have to slowly squeeze some milk into her mouth. It really is a matter of establishing the rhythm with each individual kitten.
No one said it was easy and it does take a goodly amount of time. I found that burping the kitten after eating is also a good idea. Just keep up the kitten close to you in the same manner as you would a baby and pat its back. Your vet will give you the correct amounts to satisfy your kitten as it ages. Besides feeding, the next most important job is making the kittens plumbing work. This requires a little patience, perseverance and determination to make it work. Without a functioning plumbing system I could lose our kitten.
For me the easiest way to get the kittens plumbing to work was using a q-tip that I dampened with warm water and then slowly rubbed it on the lower portion of the kittens tummy. If you think about it as the mothers tongue licking that portion of the tummy you can get a better idea of what you are doing. It is sometimes necessary to softly rub the anal area to get it to remember what it is supposed to be doing.
Getting our kitten to urinate was fairly easy, but getting her bowels to move was a struggle for a while. There was a time or two when I knew she was constipated as her tummy was bloated and she was crying. I just kept rubbing softly and after what seemed like an eternity it happened. I dont know who was happier the kitten or me.
When you are in the time of action of making the kitten produce urine or move its bowels it is wise to have paper towels in your lap to catch the overflow. It is important to keep all elimination areas clean just as a mother cat would. A wash cloth dampened in warm water and rubbed lightly over the complete body of the kitten will give the effect of the mother cat washing the kitten and help make it obtain.
Our kitten was a wild kitten, but because we found it at such a young age we did not have any of the normal wild cat responses to our handling it. It is very important to manager your kitten and to have other people around it so it is not afraid of everybody. I started feeding Miss Tiger (we finally agreed on a name) some substantial food at about 4 ½ weeks old. I mixed her milk with some Iams canned kitten food in a saucer. It took many tries of sticking her little nose to the dish to finally get the reaction I was looking for.
While you are in the time of action of weaning be certain to keep doing bottle or in my case eyedropper feeding until the kitten gets the hang of eating on its own. Once Miss Tiger started eating, we started litter training and with her it was easy. She seemed to know what the litter was for after just a associate times of me putting her in the box. Now to make a long story short, yes, she finally got to the vet. She was distinct very healthy and got her shots and when it was the right time (9 weeks) we got her spayed.
We wanted her as a house cat, but once she saw the boys outside, she was eager to get outside and she figured out how to get out the cat door. We have had Miss Tiger for 8 years now, she is a beautiful lady, but there is a wild side to her. She does not like to be held and will allow you to keep up and pet her for a minute or two. She prefers to be outside and will come in only if the weather is bad. Our garage is a separate building and she prefers to be there.
She loved our Mr. Whiskers, but does not like Smokey and he doesnt like her and she takes great joy in frustrating our Mr. Boots, who is a 14 year old wild cat that is scared of his own shadow and could be a whole new book. The following year on the exact same date (October 4th) our neighbors dog found 2 kittens in their compost pile. Knowing I raised Miss Tiger they brought the little ones over to me. As far as we could tell they were only a few days old, if that. The kittens were both males and the size from tip to tail of a teaspoon.
One was the exact color and markings of Miss Tiger and it only had 3 legs, the other was a smoky white color with an obvious lump on its tail. Unfortunately the 3-legged one was extremely ineffective and we could not save it. The off colored white kitten was struggling, but with continued care and very frequent small feedings managed to hang on. These kittens were wild kittens, but due to the age and the fact the surviving one never knew his mother he did not show any wild characteristics.
This kitten went to the vet right away and we found out the lump on its tail was a tumor. The tumor required surgery and we thought he might lose his tail, but it stands tall to this day and he seems very proud of it. At this time I was working at our local university and was able to take the kitten to work every day in order to satisfy it and take care of its necessary elimination chores.
Keeping a kitten warm and cozy with todays air conditioning in a place of business required a bit of doing. I followed the same procedure of feeding the kitten as I had done with Miss Tiger, except with Smokey it was more frequent due to his young age and circumstances.
We had decided that Smokeys mom and Miss Tigers mom was the same cat. The 3-legged kitten equaled Miss Tigers markings almost perfectly and Smokey and Miss Tiger have the same white tip on their tails (their mom has it too.) Just for the record I did catch this busy mom and had her spayed and another neighbor adopted her (truly the cat adopted the neighbor and is semi-tame.)
I did manage to capture all the rest of the wild colony and the kittens were fostered, socialized and found good homes. The adults were spayed and neutered and found homes that would adapt to their needs in our neighborhood. Continuing on with the saga of Smokey, the cat, he was growing beautifully and loved by everyone at school. However, he had one problem he could not stand on his back legs. He was walking using his front legs and dragging his back legs.
Our vet could not find any particular thing wrong and we were in no way in a financial situation to take Smokey to a specialist. Our different was to outfit Smokey with a set of back wheels that are obtainable for cats and dogs when he got older. However, a professor at school and a cat lover had a book on natural methods to use in raising healthy cats. I found a recipe for a nutritious vitamin supplement in the book, I copied it and I decided to try it on Smokey.
I truly have no way of proving that it was this recipe that helped repair at all event was wrong with Smokeys back legs, but he little by little began to stand using his back legs. Today he can walk and run, but his ability to jump is limited to about 2 ½ feet (about couch or bed height.)
Feeding Smokey has been a challenge. He decided when I was trying to wean him that he was not going to eat kitten food or anything that remotely resembled it. He would cry for his bottle. When I started using the supplement I had to resort to a bottle as I mixed the supplement with a combination of baby sweet potatoes and lamb. I cut the nipple so that the concentrated combination could flow by it. I nevertheless used the side of the mouth feeding technique. He would eat tiny bits of cooked chicken and he loved raw beef.
I am sorry to say that to this day (he is now 7 years old) he nevertheless gets a bottle with a ground up vitamin pill mixed with baby sweet potatoes and some Iams kitten food in it. He eats only raw beef several times a day and shredded cheddar cheese sometimes. I have tried all types of cat food and he refuses to already do more than smell it. I have followed our vets advice and did not satisfy him what he likes for days. Offering him only cat food that he refused to already consider. He was determined to starve and as a consequence became quite sick as his body used up all the nutrients it had in it.
Needless to say Smokey eats what he wants and I am so happy to satisfy him his vitamin filled bottle every day. This cat is a joy. He truly is extremely affectionate and behaves in so many ways like a small dog. The wild breeding is nevertheless there, as he does not like to be held for any length of time and is afraid of loud noises, children and unknown people.
I realize that that statement can be true of most cats wild or not. I hope that in a small way we have enlightened you on the possibilities of raising a wild kitten or an orphan kitten. It does take a lot of time and patience, it is rather like raising a baby human except a lot easier in the long run. Remember your vet is always there to help you and to answer any questions you may have.
The Internet is a great source of information on any problem you may have with a pet, but when in doubt, call your vet. Use the supplies obtainable and enjoy life with a warm fuzzy being whether it be a dog, cat or at all event else that is warm and fuzzy.