How Important Is The Umbilical Cord Blood?

How Important Is The Umbilical Cord Blood?

Umbilical cord blood is the blood that is found in the umbilical cord and the placenta. It is extracted closest after the delivery of the baby. This blood is high in stem cells. Stem cells are the architects of your body. They have the capability of creating new blood cells, brain cells, etc. They can adjust to the body anytime and start repairing or replenishing the old cells.

Stem cells can give the scientist a treasure of information about various diseases and birth defects. With a detailed study, the reasons behind various genetic diseases and deformities can be unearthed. The specialty of the stem cells lies in their ability to multiple several times and creates whichever cell the body needs.

Diseases That Can Be Treated With Stem Cells

More than 70 diseases can be treated with the help of the umbilical cord blood cells. Some of them are as follows:

  • Bone Marrow Failure Disorders like Aplastic Anemia (harsh), Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia, Pure Red Cell Aplasia, etc
  • Hemoblobinopathies like Beta Thalassemia Major and Sickle Cell Disease
  • Histiocytic Disorders like Hemophagocytosis
  • Inherited Immune System Disorders like Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome, Reticular Dysgenesis, Chronic Granulomatous Disease, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome, etc
  • Inherited Metabolic Disorders like Gaucher Disease, Krabbe Disease, Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome, Tay Sachs, Wolman Disease, etc
  • Leukemias and Lymphomas like Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, Adult T Cell Leukemia, Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Juvenile Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, Polymphocytic Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia etc
  • Plasma Cell Disorders like Plasma Cell Leukemia, Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia, etc
  • Other Inherited Disorders like Cartilage-Hair Hypoplasia, DiGeorge Syndrome, Osteopetrosis, etc
  • Extensive research is being conducted the benefits of cord blood stem cells in ailments like Brain tumor, Ovarian cancer, Small cell lung cancer, testicular cancer, Rheumatoid Arthritis, spinal injury, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, Muscular Dystrophy, etc

    Cord Blood Vs Bone Marrow Transplants

    Why do we need to preserve the cord blood? Bone marrow stem cells should be enough. Well, there are nevertheless debates on this issue. There is one point that everyone agrees with. That is, umbilical cord blood has more stem cells than the bone marrow does. however, unlike the cord blood, adult donor blood is not limited by quantity. However, cord blood stem cells are more flexible compared to the bone marrow cells. Very rarely is it seen that a patient’s body has rejected the cord blood stem cells.

    Cord Blood edges

    Cord blood banking is increasing in popularity over the past few years. Two types of edges specialize in umbilical cord blood collection and preservation- Public Cord Blood Bank and the Private Cord Blood Bank. Public Cord Blood Banking sets are free. Here you can preserve your child’s stem cells. However, a point to observe is if you plan to preserve the blood specifically for your family, you will be unable to do so in a public cord blood bank. Here it is more like a donation for the well-being of the society and research. Private blood edges are expensive. Nevertheless, here you can preserve the stem cells just for your family use.

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