Damodar Valley in Jharkhand India
Damodar Valley is located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau of the state of Jharkhand, extending to some of parts of West Bengal in India. Covering the the total area of 24, 235 sq km, it spreads to the Hazaibagh, Koderma, Giridih Dhanbad, Bokaro and Chatra districts in Jharkhand in addition as the Bardhaman and Hooghly districts in West Bengal. As the name indicates, the valley derives its name from the Damodar River, which arises from the plateau of Chota Nagpur and passes by the West Bengal to join the Hooghly River south west of Calcutta.
The upper part of the Damodar Valley is the center of major economic activities. It is often referred to as the Ruhr of India, because of its similarities with the Ruhr mining industrial area of Germany. It is a highly industrial area, dotted with more than 400 industrial units. Damodar Valley is the India’s most important manufacturing area dependent on the Raniganj, Dhanbad, Jharia, Bokaro, and Karanpura coalfields located here. Three integrated steel plants developed on the coalfields of Burnpur, Bokaro and Durgapur are also located here. except coal and steel, other industries in the area include gas, fertilizer, firebricks, bauxite, rule, zinc refining and machinery plants.
Damodar Valley Corporation :
Damodar Valley Corporation or DVC came into being on July 7, 1948 as a joint endeavor between the government of India and state government of Bengal and Bihar (now Jharkand) to build a dam across the Damodar valley. It was infact the first multi purpose river valley project that the government of India enforced after independence. chief Minister Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Dr. B.C Roy, chief minister of West Bengal and Sri Krishna Sinha Chief Minister of Bihar, took special interest for the expansion and development of this plan. Covering the total area of 24, 235 sq km, the corporation has so far constructed four dams, a barrage for irrigation and a canal of 2,495 km. except this, DVC has three hydel strength stations, five thermal strength stations and one gas turbine stop with the total generating capacity of 2,761.5 mw.
Objectives of Damodar Valley Corporation : The project Damodar Valley Corporation was defined by the following objectives :
- Flood control and Irrigation
- Generation of Electricity
- Transmission and dispensing of Electricity
- Water Resource Management
- Eco-Conservation and Afforestation
- Promotion of Public Health
- Industrial and Economic Development
DVC Future Plans :
DVC board meetings are held at regular intervals to revise its priorities. Hence the shift of focus in the recent years to generate and spread the electrical strength in order to meet the increasing need of the steel and chief industries for strength generation have attained priority in DVC. DVC is planning a fresh capacity addition to the tune of 2,780 mw during the next two Five-Year plans involving a total capital expenditure of Rs 16,677 crore. The corporation also reviewed the preliminary project report of Balpahari dam on river Barakar. Stage-I of this project is estimated to cost Rs 440 crore.