Countries making Covid-19 vaccines mandatory

  • A sharp upturn in infections due to the Delta variant and a slowdown in vaccinations have pushed governments to make Covid-19 shots mandatory for health workers, other high-risk groups or dining out.
  • A growing number of countries are also making shots compulsory for public servants or travellers.
  • Here are some countries’ vaccine mandates.


Australia decided in late June to make vaccinations mandatory for high-risk aged-care workers and employees in quarantine hotels.

In Tasmania, vaccines will be mandatory for aged care workers as of 17 September, the Examiner reported on 14 August.

Western Australia said on 5 October that it would require all employees working in mining, oil and gas exploration to have their first measure by Dec. 1 and be fully vaccinated by 1 January.


It is mandatory for care home workers in England to have vaccinations from October.

English nightclubs and other venues with large crowds require patrons to present proof of complete vaccination from the end of September.

Britain is highly likely to require health workers to be vaccinated against Covid, Health Secretary Sajid Javid said on 14 September.


Canada will place unvaccinated federal employees on unpaid leave and require Covid-19 shots for air, aim and ship passengers.

Federal employees will be required to declare their complete vaccination position by 29 October. Workers and passengers aged 12 and older on trains, planes and marine transport operating domestically must show they have been inoculated by 30 October.

From 13 September, vaccines are required for patrons of non-basic businesses such as restaurants and movie theatres.

Costa Rica

Authorities in Costa Rica said on Sept. 28 all state workers will need to be vaccinated against Covid-19, making it one of the first countries in Latin America to impose a coronavirus vaccination mandate.


A “no jab, no job” coronavirus policy went into effect in Fiji on 15 August, AFP reported, with unvaccinated public servants forced to go on leave. Those who keep unvaccinated by November will be dismissed.

In addition, employees at private firms could confront fines and companies could be forced to stop operations over vaccine refusals.


All healthcare and care home workers, home aids and urgent care technicians must have had at the minimum their first shot of a Covid-19 vaccine by 15 September.

Hospitals, care homes and health centres have suspended around 3 000 workers across France for failing to comply with mandatory Covid vaccination, the government said on 16 September.


Greece on 12 July made vaccinations mandatory for nursing home staff with immediate effect and healthcare workers from September.

As part of new measures, only vaccinated customers are allowed in bars, cinemas, theatres and other closed spaces.


Hungary’s government has decided to make vaccinations mandatory for healthcare workers.


The world’s fourth most populous country made inoculations mandatory in February, threatening fines of up to $357.


The Italian government made it obligatory for all workers either to show proof of vaccination, a negative test or recent recovery from infection. The new rules will come into force on 15 October.

Any worker who fails to present a valid health certificate will be suspended without pay, but cannot be sacked, according to a draft of the decree seen by Reuters.

While some European Union states have ordered their health workers to get vaccines, none have made the Green Pass mandatory for all employees, making Italy a test case for the continent.


Kazakhstan will introduce mandatory vaccinations or weekly testing for people working in groups of more than 20.


Lebanon is to limit entry to restaurants, cafes, pubs and beaches to people holding vaccine certificates or those who have taken antibody tests.

Non-vaccinated employees of these establishments would be required to receive a PCR test every 72 hours.


Malta banned visitors from entering the country from 14 July unless they were fully vaccinated.


The small South Pacific island nation of the Federated States of Micronesia has mandated that its adult population be inoculated against Covid-19. The Pacific island nation said on 29 July everyone over 18 years will have to receive a Covid-19 vaccine.


The Dutch government announced on 14 September it will introduce a “corona” pass showing proof of vaccination to go to bars, restaurants, clubs or cultural events.


Moscow city authorities on June 16 ordered all workers with public-facing roles to be vaccinated against Covid-19. Companies were given a month to ensure at the minimum 60% of staff had received first doses, or confront fines or permanent closure.

Moscow residents no longer have to present a QR code demonstrating they have been vaccinated or have immunity in order to sit in cafes, restaurants and bars from 19 July.

Saudi Arabia

In May, Saudi Arabia mandated that all public and private sector workers wishing to attend a workplace get vaccinated, without specifying when this would be implemented.

Vaccination will also be required to go into any government, private, or education establishments and to use public transport as of 1 August.

Saudi citizens will need two doses before they can travel outside the kingdom from 9 August, state news agency SPA reported on 19 July.

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka announced on 13 August that citizens would require vaccination cards to travel between provinces and in public spaces as of 15 September, according to Business Standard.


Swiss people will need to show a Covid-position certificate to go into bars, restaurants and fitness centres in Switzerland from 13 September, the government ordered on 8 September. The Swiss Covid certificate provides proof of vaccination, recovery from infection or a negative test consequence.


Turkey will begin requiring negative Covid-19 test results and proofs of vaccination for some sectors, including from teachers as schools reopen in September and for domestic travel, President Tayyip Erdogan said on 19 August.

As of 6 September, a negative PCR test is mandatory for those who have not been vaccinated, or not recovered from the virus, to go into concerts, cinemas and theatres, Turkey’s Interior Ministry said on 21 August, Anadolu News Agency reported.


Turkmenistan is making vaccination mandatory for all residents aged 18 and over.

United States

President Joe Biden on 10 September ordered all federal workers and contractors to be vaccinated, and for private employers with 100 or more workers to require staff to be vaccinated by 8 December, or get tested for the coronavirus weekly. That order covers 100 million people, about two-thirds of the workforce.

He called on 8 October on more US businesses to require Covid-19 vaccinations.

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