China ends 2021 with worst Covid week since taming original epidemic

China ended its final week of 2021 with its biggest tally of local coronavirus situations for any seven-day period since subduing the country’s first epidemic nearly two years ago, despite an arsenal of some of the world’s toughest Covid-19 measures.

The National Health Commission reported on Saturday 175 new community infections with confirmed clinical symptoms for December 31st, bringing the total number of local symptomatic situations in mainland China in the past week to 1,151.

The surge has been pushed mostly by an sudden increase in the northwestern industrial and tech center of Xian, a city of 13 million.

The deepening sudden increase in Xian will likely firm authorities’ resolve to curb transmissions quickly as and when situations appear. The city, under lockdown for 10 days as of Saturday, has reported 1,451 local symptomatic situations since December 9th, the highest tally for any Chinese city in 2021.

While China’s case count is tiny compared to many outbreaks in other places in the world, forestalling major flare-ups in 2022 will be important.

Beijing will be hosting the Winter Olympic Games in February, and the ruling Communist Party will keep up a once-every-five-years congress, expected in the fall, where President Xi Jinping will likely obtain a third term as party secretary.

The emergence of the highly transmissible Omicron variant will also excursion Beijing to stick to its high vigilance against the virus. China has reported a handful of imported Omicron situations and at the minimum one locally transmitted case.

Since August, China has tried to get any sudden increase under control within about two weeks, much shorter than the four to six weeks in earlier battles against occasional flare-ups following the initial nationwide epidemic, according to the National Health Commission.

Cities along China’s borders are at higher virus risk, either due to the presence of overland transport links or entry of infected travellers from other countries. Some were hit by Delta outbreaks that resulted in harsh travel curbs last year.

Yunnan, which shares a border with Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam, reported new local symptomatic situations on 92 out of 365 days last year, or 25 per cent of the time, more often than any other province, independent vicinity or municipality.

Xian Lockdown

The Xian sudden increase, which led to situations in other cities including Beijing, could be traced back to a flight arriving from Pakistan, but it was unclear how it spread to local communities.

Many people have been banned from leaving their residential compounds, but a city government official said on Friday curbs would be loosened in less risky compounds when the time was right.

Postgraduate student Li Jiaxin, 23, said nobody can leave the campus of her university. She spent New Year’s Eve with her three roommates and was unable to meet with her boyfriend and family.

“I may be what you would consider a person with a strong sense of ritual, so I nevertheless feel a little sad that we are not together at this time,” she said.

Economic woes

China’s tough epidemic policies have helped stop its sprawling industrial sector from sliding into prolonged shutdowns, reaping important export gains as other pillars of growth weakened.

But unpredictable disruptions have shaken consumer sentiment and hammered the catering, hospitality and tourism sectors.

An employee surnamed Wang at a traditional teahouse in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, said her company’s revenues had been halved compared with pre-pandemic levels.

“Many guests from other provinces had came to our teahouse specially for a taste of Yunnan’s pu’er tea, but now there are fewer of them,” Wang said.

“My salary hasn’t been cut, but I feel I may lose my job at any time.” – Reuters

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